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Grande Ciguë (Conium maculatum)

Grande Ciguë (Conium maculatum)
Grande Ciguë (Conium maculatum) #0
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Prix
Prix unitaire
1,95 € *
EUR
incl. 7% TVA
Livraison
4 €
Détails
Disponibilité
en stock
N° d'article
CON01
Quantité de graines:
100 Pcs.
Nom botanique:
C. cicuta, C. croaticum, Cicuta officinalis, Conium maculatum, Coriandrum cicuta, Selinum conium
Groupe:
Graines
Mots-clé

Description

In ancient Greece, hemlock was used to poison convicted political prisoners - the most famous victim is the philosopher Socrates. However, there are also plenty of cases of unintentional poisoning with conium maculatum where poison hemlock was
mistaken for similar-looking kitchen herbs, such as parsley or chervil.

Medieval witches are said to have used poison hemlock for their purposes, especially for preparing their flying ointment. This is probably due to the fact that it has a paralyzing effect on the skin which might evoke the sensation of "flying". Hemlock was also a common sight in European monastery gardens where it was grown for use as a as a local anesthetic. It can still be found growing as a wild plant around those spots.

The main active ingredient of conium maculatum, coniine, was isolated in 1831 and was the first alcaloid to be synthetically recreated in 1886. Coniine is a clear, oily liquid with a burning hot taste and smell of mouse urine. It is readily absorbed by the skin and the mucous membranes and causes increased excitability, followed by an ascending paralysis of the spinal cord. Its effect is similar to curare or nicotine - centrally and peripherally paralyzing, with a distinct impact on the release of adrenalin. Since it is very hard to dose, in today's medicine hemlock is only used in homeopathic preparations to combat tumors.

Caution: The whole hemlock plant is very poisonous and is particularly dangerous for children!

One package contains 100 conium maculatum seeds

Growing instructions
Sow the hemlock seeds directly outside in spring (or start your seeds indoors). The up to 2.5 m tall plant loves sunny locations and blooms in the second year.

En savoir plus: description et entretien

Famille de plantes:
Apiacées
Hauteur de la plante env.:
50–250 cm
Système racinaire :
Racine pivotante
Couleur des fleurs:
Blanc
Période de floraison :
Août, Juillet, Juin, Septembre
Emplacement:
Soleil
Besoins en eau:
Modérément humide
Cycle de vie :
Anuelle, Bisannuelle
Rusticité au froid jusqu'à:
–20 °C

Semis et culture

Temps de semis à l'extérieur:
Avril, Mai
Distance de plantation env.:
40 x 40 cm

Culture associée

Autres noms

Noms allemands :
Bangenkraut, Bitscherling, Blutpeterlein, Blutschierling, Butzerling, Düllkrut, Erdschierling, Gartenschierling, Kalberkern, Krottenpeterling, Pipkraut, Scharnpiepen, Schirsing, Teufelspeterling, Tollkraut, Tollkörfel, Wogeltod, Wutscherling, Wüterich, Wütscherling, Ziegendill
Noms anglais:
beaver poison, carrot fern, devil's bread, devil's porridge, herb bennet, musquash root, poison hemlock, poison parsley, spotted corobane, spotted hemlock
Noms français:
Ciguë de Socrate, Ciguë des officines, Ciguë tachetée, Mort–aux–oies
Noms espagnols:
acebuda, azecuta, budoños, canaveira, cañaeja, cañafierro, cañafleja, cecuta, cicuta manchada, dibleto, diversa de la ferula, embudejo, huelemanos, jecuta, linojo, mastrancho, perejil de las brujas, perejil de tontos, perejil lobuno, sarnosa, secuta, siblatos, zecuta

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